We check them up to 150 times a day — but is it good for our well-being? Tech insiders have described the methods used by app developers to effectively “programme” us to never put our phones down. TheCity.ie’s Paul Caffrey explains why he ditched his device after three years — and explores the beginnings of a backlash against them
On Friday night, Netflix released The Half of It, a thoughtful film depicting 17-year-olds posting each other handwritten love letters and listening to their favourite music on portable analogue radio-cassette players.
Modelled on the clever premise of Edmond Rostand’s 1897 classic Cyrano de Bergerac, the expert wordsmith here is “shy, straight-A student” Ellie (played by Leah Lewis), who ghostwrites all of “inarticulate jock” Paul’s romantic notes to Aster, the popular girl of his dreams.
In this scene from screenwriter Alice Wu’s somewhat aspirational 105-minute present-day piece, high schoolers Ellie and Aster listen to music on a portable analogue radio-tape set that first has to be tuned in and its aerial extended — and don’t check their smartphones or mention Spotify once.
Currently, a whopping 91% of Irish people own a smartphone, but I was never so keen on the idea. Until 2016, I resisted owning one and brazened it out with my no-nonsense 2007 Nokia.
It wasn’t easy shrugging off the endless comments about my stubborn refusal to switch over to the latest techology that’s been firmly in fashion since 2012.
Finally, I gave in and purchased an Android, internet-enabled device — the cheapest, least advanced Huawei that I could find. Suddenly, a whole new world of apps and 24/7 internet in the palm of my hand opened up to me.
At first, it was exciting. I found endless uses for the device, both professionally and socially. But it quickly took control of my life. Like a love/hate relationship, I couldn’t seem to get any peace from this thing until I switched it off at night.
After three years, I ditched it. I’m now back to a basic phone with no internet function and I’m managing fine.
I can Zoom, Facetime or Skype call — and tune in to a range of radio and television stations around the world — using my laptop.
I watch Sky News, CNN, BBC News, Netflix, the Dáil channel and RTÉ on a TV and enjoy listening to our native radio stations on an analogue radio set. I like the intimacy and sense of shared experience of live radio.
I listen to my favourite CDs on a hifi (though also own an iPod), and regularly buy newspapers and current affairs magazines (though also hold online subscriptions to some publications).
In short, in terms of keeping up with the latest goings on, I don’t miss much.
During the extended Covid-19 lockdown period, the internet is certainly a lifeline to many for keeping up with studies, work and friendships.
But I personally don’t feel the need to access that world using these rather bulky handheld computers.
I’m not missing Whatsapp at all. Each Whatsapp group I joined began with a sense of shared purpose and camaraderie — and went downhill from there. I’ve found there are other ways to stay in touch with friends and colleagues.
In March, Whatsapp was criticised for enabling false “health tips” to be widely shared in group messaging during the pandemic, causing anxiety to many. Whatsapp has since reportedly made some efforts to prevent this spread of false information.
When it comes to general health risks, the more time you spend on your phone, the more likely you are to be depressed, a Northwestern University (Illinois) study found in 2015. Other research has shown the more time spent on your smartphone — particularly close to bedtime — the worse you’ll sleep.
Moreover, as President Michael D Higgins told the Irish Daily Mail in March 2018, social media can be used as “an instrument of abuse, which it so unfortunately has been for so many.”
By any reckoning, the endless rise of “social” smartphone apps has enabled bullies, crooks, scam artists and worse to thrive like never before using platforms that let them pose as anyone they want to be.
The internet has long been a world of opportunities for those who wish harm on others; smartphones increase their opportunities.
Smartphone app Tinder and its ilk are reportedly popular with so-called “romance scammers” who seek your cash rather than your love using false profiles. So much so that gardaí have issued official advice on how to spot such confidence tricksters.
For anyone who hasn’t suffered consistent bullying or depression before, it may be hard to understand my instinctive aversion to being permanently hooked up to the world wide web.
It saddens me now to learn that children who own a smartphone are at greater risk of being bullied, harassed or worse, as I know all too well what it’s like to live in constant fear.
Had smartphones been on trend when I was at secondary school, my life would certainly have been much worse than it already was on a daily basis.
Relentless harassment and threats (of physical harm and even death), along with ritual violence and humiliation — while existing in constant fear of being beaten up — was bad enough.
I won’t understate the huge impact on me when there’s any kind of reoccurrence of that trauma in my present-day life.
As I’ve discovered myself, online bullying and harassment doesn’t just affect schoolchildren. Owning an internet-enabled smartphone for three years in adulthood showed me that even now, I’m not immune to it.
As one good friend remarked to me recently: “I’m glad you’re still here.”
In January 2018, 21-year-old Dubliner Nicole Fox Fenton, also known as Coco, took her own life after being consistently targeted with abuse and death threats on a messenger group. She was afraid to leave her house in the weeks before her death.
Last year, in a significant step forward, new legislation to crack down on online bullying was named after the young woman.
As it turns out, I’m far from the only adult who feels smartphone-phobic. Something of a movement against the devices has been underway for the past few years, with some tech experts on board.
Former Google employee Tristan Harris says we check our smartphones about 150 times a day and that we’re all being “programmed” by tech giants to never put our device down.
App developers use techniques that “work on everybody” to get our attention “at all costs” and keep the world’s three-and-a-half billion smartphone users hooked 24/7, he says.
Harris told America’s PBS NewsHour in 2017 that, after spending just 20 minutes scrolling through his own smartphone:
“I don’t feel very good after that. I feel like my anxiety goes up.”
The Stanford University graduate set up the Center for Humane Technology in 2018 that urges tech executives to consider the mental health of consumers instead of always looking to their company’s bottom line.
Meanwhile stars like Tom Cruise, Vince Vaughn, Robbie Williams and Elton John refuse to own a mobile phone.
Big Little Lies star Shailene Woodley owns an iPhone (with no data) that she uses like a portable computer when wifi is available, but only communicates using a basic T-Mobile flip phone. The star told Jimmy Kimmel Live last year:
“We don’t notice each other any more.”
US comedian Ari Shaffir told the BBC in 2016 after ditching his iPhone:
“It’s every moment of your life. There needs to be an etiquette built around it and we haven’t built it yet.”
Canadian inventor Ann Makosinski, 22, has never owned a smartphone and explained why when she was 18 in this TEDx Teen talk.
Businessman and commentator Steve Hilton, former adviser to British Prime Minister David Cameron, refuses to own any kind of mobile phone, insisting that smartphones “have turned us into tech-addicted zombies”.
And after three years of being connected to the world wide web at every waking moment, I found that I’d had enough, too.
Enough of the incessant social media updates, non-stop email alerts and continuous news flashes at every moment of the day.
My own inability to stop impulsively posting status updates on social media at any given moment was becoming problematic. The more I used the thing, the lower my overall mood became.
Does the smartphone and its ever-enticing LED screen limit our ability to make conscious choices about how we spend our time? It certainly had that effect on me.
The world changed in the early 2010s when smartphones became universally popular. The days of using our laptops to surf the internet — while separately picking up the phone to make a call — were gone.
In short, this cassette-sized appliance was taking over my life. Before long, it controlled me, commanding my non-stop attention to the exclusion of all else. So I quit.
This AsapSCIENCE video that explores how our smartphones alter how our brains function — and suggests we all take a “smartphone vacation” — has had 63,000 likes on YouTube.
Since doing away with my smartphone, I’m unable to obtain apps that range from the handy but laughably unnecessary (turn my heating on before I get home or switch on the kettle remotely from the sofa) to the downright ludicrous (an app which tells me if it’s dark outside).
I’ve been reading more newspapers and books and find that I’m more alert because I’m forced to use my brain more. My sleep is less disturbed and I feel less anxious in general. Social media is still a part of my life but I can put it away when I want to.
And what do you know, I’m somehow in a majority after all. Currently, 55% of the world’s entire population do not own a smartphone, according to number crunchers Statista.